|View from Proctor Road towards Green Valley|
|Ctenucha venosa, Veined Ctenucha a day active tiger moth|
|Ministrymon leda (Leda Ministreak - Hodges#4291)|
|Anthanassa texana (Texan Crescent)|
|Urbanus dorantes (Dorantes Longtail)|
There was still water in Madera Creek. Where water seeps into the soil minerals are accessible to insects that many species need for their propagation. Usually the males collect them and pass them to the female during mating.
|Giant Swallowtail - Papilio cresphontes|
|Adejeania vexatrix, a tachinid fly at a water seep|
|Copestylum mexicanum (Mexican Cactus Fly)|
|small Copestylum sp.|
|Cyphomyia erecta McFadden 1969|
|Ichneumonid Wasp Compsocryptus sp|
|Bombus sonorus (Sonoran Bumble Bee)|
|Pogonomyrmex sp.harvesting berries|
|Acromyrmex versicolor, Leaf-cutter Ants, moving 'rocks' to build their chimneys|
Hymenoptera: a few solitary wasps and bees and many social species are still active during fall. Some, like the ants, will survive the winter as whole colonies, but in many species, only the young, mated queens will carry on.
|Bush Katydid, Scudderia mexicana|
|Red-winged Grasshopper, Arphia pseudonietana|
|Barytettix humphreysii, Humphrey's Grasshopper|
Orthoptera: To me, Grasshoppers and katydids are the character species of the Arizona fall and even winter. The chant of tree crickets was constant at Madera. Occasionally the Horse Lubbers still called and Arphia flew up snarling and flashing red wings. Humphrey's grasshoppers were laying their eggs in the loose sand. No shorthorn grasshopper has an ovipositor, so they push their whole telescopic abdomen deeply into the soil.